What is Termite Anatomy?
Scientifically speaking, most insects are driven by their high senses and instincts. However, termites are quite different from other insects given that their senses are very limited. Termites do not have eyes or ears so they can neither see nor hear. So are you wondering how these industrious but tedious insects get on with their daily lives? Well, they only rely on their strong sense of smell to go about their daily routine.
Like most insects, termites excrete a chemical scent known as pheromones. This chemical is undetectable to humans but plays an integral role in the survival of termites. Given that termites are blind and deaf, they use pheromones to navigate and communicate. For instance, a termite will excrete pheromones and fellow termites will pick these pheromones through the chemo-receptors in their antennae and use it to navigate and communicate.
Termites can produce different types of pheromones for various purposes like finding a source of food, their nest, and even mates! In short, termites cannot exist without the pheromones. They’ll be rendered useless as they’ll be unable to find their way to their nests, their way to their food source, and of course, will be unable to communicate with each other.
What is the Importance of Pheromones in Termites?
As we’ve noted above, pheromones are chemical substances that play crucial roles in the daily lives of many insects, as well as some plants. Most insects use pheromones to communicate, mark their trails, to reproduce, to defend their territories, and also to lay down laws that are used to manage their highly social life.
When it comes to termites, they produce their pheromones from the exocrine glands, located in the abdomen. And because termites are blind and deaf, pheromones are the only way to ensure that they can communicate, find food, find their way back to the nest, mate, and ensure the survival of the colony. Here is a more detailed look at how termites use pheromones.
To mark their trails
A termite will excrete pheromones when it discovers a food source. This will lead other termites from the nest to the exact location of the food by smelling and feeling the pheromones with their antennae.
To avoid danger
Termites will excrete a special pheromone when they sense danger. This is to warn fellow termites about the impending danger so that they can flee. In short, they can use pheromones as a defensive tactic to help them stay away from danger and to enhance their survival.
To regulate the population within the colony
The queen termite can excrete a special pheromone to hinder other termites from becoming reproductive, especially when the colony is overpopulated.
To replace the queen
If the queen termite dies, the king termite can produce a special pheromone that helps in choosing the most fertile female to become queen. Weird, right?
So why are Termites Attracted to Ink?
Unbelievably, scientific studies have somehow found out that the drying agents in pen ink have a chemical compound called phenoxyethanol. This chemical has a close relation to the pheromones used by termites to navigate, communicate and find their food source. Like the termites’ pheromones, ink can lose this scent within 15 minutes. This means that the termites are likely to wander off after that, especially if they’re worker termites (soldier termites have a stronger sense of smell so will likely follow the trail of ink for longer periods).
It’s also important to note that not all types of inks will attract termites. For some reason, termites will not be attracted to black or red ink. They’re also not attracted to the types of inks that are used in rollerball or felt pens. This only leaves you with one option: the blue inks that are used in ballpoint pens.
Is it Possible to Use Blue Ink in Eradicating Termite Infestation?
The simplest answer to this question is yes. Creating a trail of ink can be an inventive way of leading termites out of your home and to their doom. In other words, you can use ink to lead termites from or to their nest and use other methods to exterminate them. This is to say that it wouldn’t be wise to rely entirely on ink to deal with a termite infestation. Instead, you can use ink as the first step in exterminating termites.
The best thing to do is to use ink as a bait to lure termites to your extermination point. You can then use various methods to ensure that they’re eradicated. You can also use ink to discover their nests or even to assess the extent of damage caused by the termites in your home.